Cost of not applying the NCD framework to obesity study


The purpose of the Cost of inaction Study project is to quantify, both in economic and broader societal terms, the costs of not applying the NCD framework to obesity.

The results of the project will provide concrete numbers and potential modelled solutions to challenge the hypothesis that governments in Europe “cannot afford the money to pay for obesity if implemented as a policy prioritised NCD”

Overcoming barriers

Technical working session on overcoming policy barriers to improve care for people with obesity and EU added value. 26 October 2023 | Brussels, EU Quarter
Read the Pre-Read | Read the Flash Report

Project Structure


The process for this study combines

  • A mapping of the types of evidence already collated for our overarching research question  and the related gap analysis
  • A multi-stakeholder focus group to ascertain perceived barriers and costs already identified by key actors along the chronic disease continuum (early diagnosis and screening, treatment and long-term management)
  • The development of an Economic model to link the facts and consequences of not implementing obesity according to the NCD framework
  • Costing of all the elements of nonaction for the identified model elements


The Project is led by the EASO Policy team activities in collaboration with HITT Foundation.

EASO has established a Core Strategic Group that provides strategic guidance to the project.

EASO has recruited key external experts to support the work of the research team. The Sounding Board members will provide key input to ensure that the resulting model is fit for purpose and delivers the evidence required.

Sounding Board Members

Janas Harrington

Senior Lecturer Public Health Nutrition, School of Public Health, University College Cork

Stakeholder group


Jean Michel Oppert

Professor, University Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France

Stakeholder group


Dana Müllerová

EASO, Vicepresident for Middle Europe – Charles University, Medical Faculty in Pielsen, Department of Public Health and Preventive Medecine

Stakeholder group


Bart Vanderschueren

Professor, UZ Leuven, Belgium

Stakeholder group


Michele Ceccini

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, France

Stakeholder group


Giovanni Gorgoni

ReSS Puglia, Italy

Stakeholder group


Christine Brown


Stakeholder group


Lubomira Fabryova

Slovak Obesitology Association (SOA) – Head of the Department for Diabetology and Metabolic and Nutritional Diseases, Lipid Clinic, MED PED centre.

Stakeholder group


Andreea Ciudin

Spanish Society for the Study of Obesity – Hospital Universitario Vall d’Hebron, Spain

Stakeholder group


Alina Constantin

Stakeholder group

Patient Representative

Bart de Myttenaere

Director study department and policy Solidaris Brussels

Stakeholder group


Esther Artime

Ely Lilly

Stakeholder group




Scoping of Literature review


Literature review


Data Analysis


Multistakeholder engagement group meeting


Economic model development


Draft report


Launch event at the European Parliament on 7 March 2023

The EASO cost of inaction project has been funded by the European Association for the Study of Obesity, and we acknowledge additional financial support from Eli Lilly and Company and Novo Nordisk.